Very fundamental things and Myths that you should know about Corona Virus COVID-19 [Awareness]

Many People What they Don't No about CORONAVIRUS-19? and THE MYTHs clarified.

We have mixed up COVID-19 as Virus and disease. But the Virus name and Disease are two different entity

Official name of the Virus was announced by on the 2nd week of Feb11-2020. Initially it was name as 2019-nCoV.[●]

Virus Name - Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).

Disease Caused - COVID-19

Now the question is Why do the Virus and the disease have different name..?

Let me give an example, HIV and AIDS what are they. HIV is Human Immuno deficiency Virus which causes AIDS(Acquired Immuno deficiency Syndrome).

There are other diseases and viruses which are quite relatable. E.g:
 1. Zika Virus Cause Zika Fever.
 2. Nipah Virus Cause Nipah Virus Disease.

Why Virus are named?
Virus are named based on their Genetic structure which helps in the preparation vaccines, medicines and diagnostic tests.

Who is Responsible for the naming  of the Viruses?
Viriologist and the wider scientific Community named International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses(ICTV)- 11th Feb, 2020 named recent virus as SARS-CoV-2.

Why it is so named?
The name was chosen because the Virus is genetically related to the Coronavirus responsible for the SARS outbreak of 2003. While related, other two viruses are different. 

Why Disease are named?
Disease are named to enable discussion on disease prevention, spread, tranmissibility, severity and treatment.

Who is Responsible to name the Disease?
World Health Organisation (WHO) is responsible for Human Disease Preparedness and  so Diseases are officially named by World Health Organisation in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD).

What name does WHO use for the virus though the name SARS-CoV-2?
To avoid creating unnecessary  fear for some populations, especially  in Asia which was worst affected by the SARS outbreak in 2003 which can have unintended consequences.

Hence for that reason, WHO has begun referring to the Virus as "the virus responsible for COVID-19" or "the COVID-19 virus" just to Communicating with the public. That is why in newspapers and TV channels we come across COVID-19  and not SARS-CoV-2.

If some newspaper or TV channel or in any website if you see COVID-19 or SARS-CoV-2 both are same. 

Like we have Stage name PIT Bull (Amerian Rapper) wheras the original name is Armando Christian Perez.

****Official name is that only which has named by ICTV.

How Coronavirus is named?
Corona Virus are named for the crown-like spikes on their surface. Spikes are the protein spikes.

When Human Coronavirus was first Identified?
Human Coronavirus were first Identified in the mid-1960.

What are the types of Human Coronavirus..?
There are four main sub-groupings of Coronavirus, known as alpha, beta, gamma and delta.

What are the various Coronaviruses that can infect people?
Seven types of Coronavirus that can infect people. They are

Common human Coronaviruses
1. 229E(alpha coronavirus)
2. NL63(alpha coronavirus)
3. OC43(beta coronavirus)
4. HKU1(beta coronavirus)

Other Human Coronaviruses.
5. MERS-CoV (beta virus which causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome)
6. SARS-CoV  ( beta Coronavirus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome, or SARS)
7. SARS-CoV-2(beta  CoVs category, the novel Coronavirus that causes Coronavirus disease or COVID-19)

What are common Coronavirus?
 People around the world commonly get infected with Human Coronaviruses 229E, NL63, OC43, HKU1.

What are other Human Coronaviruses?
Sometimes Coronavirus that infect animals can evolve and make people sick and become Human Coronavirus. These are three recent examples 5,6,7 above.

What does it mean when USA declared Financial Emergency?
March 13, 2020 USA declared National emergency which enable the access to additional federal funding and resource to prepare the state for Pandemic Preparedness. After declaring Financial Emergency USA Govt got access to federal fund of the amount $50billion.


Can the virus that causes COVID-19 be transmitted through the air?
Studies to date suggest that the virus that causes COVID-19 is mainly transmitted through contact with respiratory droplets rather than through the air.  See previous answer on “How does COVID-19 spread?”

Can CoVID-19 be caught from a person who has no symptoms?
The main way the disease spreads is through respiratory droplets expelled by someone who is coughing. The risk of catching COVID-19 from someone with no symptoms at all is very low. However, many people with COVID-19 experience only mild symptoms. This is particularly true at the early stages of the disease. It is therefore possible to catch COVID-19 from someone who has, for example, just a mild cough and does not feel ill.  WHO is assessing ongoing research on the period of transmission of COVID-19 and will continue to share updated findings.    

Can I catch COVID-19 from the feces of someone with the disease?
The risk of catching COVID-19 from the feces of an infected person appears to be low. While initial investigations suggest the virus may be present in feces in some cases, spread through this route is not a main feature of the outbreak. 

WHO is assessing ongoing research on the ways COVID-19 is spread and will continue to share new findings. Because this is a risk, however, it is another reason to clean hands regularly, after using the bathroom and before eating.

Should I wear a mask to protect myself?
Only wear a mask if you are ill with COVID-19 symptoms (especially coughing) or looking after someone who may have COVID-19.  

 Disposable face mask can only be used once. If you are not ill or looking after someone who is ill then you are wasting a mask.

The most effective ways to protect yourself and others against COVID-19 are 
A. To frequently clean your hands, cover your cough with the bend of elbow or tissue.
B.  Maintain a distance of at least 1 meter (3 feet) from people who are coughing or sneezing.

Is it safe to receive a package from any area where COVID-19 has been reported?
Yes. The likelihood of an infected person contaminating commercial goods is low and the risk of catching the virus that causes COVID-19 from a package that has been moved, travelled, and exposed to different conditions and temperature is also low.

How long does the virus survive on surfaces?
It is not certain how long the virus that causes COVID-19 survives on surfaces, but it seems to behave like other coronaviruses. Studies suggest that coronaviruses (including preliminary information on the COVID-19 virus) may persist on surfaces for a few hours or up to several days. This may vary under different conditions (e.g. type of surface, temperature or humidity of the environment).

If you think a surface may be infected, clean it with simple disinfectant to kill the virus and protect yourself and others. Clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Avoid touching your eyes, mouth, or nose.

Is there anything I should not do?
The following measures ARE NOT effective against COVID-2019 and can be harmful:

Wearing multiple masks
Taking antibiotics

In any case, if you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing seek medical care early to reduce the risk of developing a more severe infection and be sure to share your recent travel history with your health care provider.

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Source: [1], [2], [3] [●][WHO, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Biotechnology Information]

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