Entire road map of cyber security study by own and the specific resources [Updated]

Here's an overview of the roadmap for studying cybersecurity on your own, along with some specific resources to help you get started:

Start with the basics: Begin by understanding the fundamentals of cybersecurity, including basic terminology, concepts, and principles. Some key topics to focus on include network security, cryptography, risk management, and incident response.


Cybersecurity Fundamentals course by the SANS Institute: This free course provides an introduction to cybersecurity concepts and terminology.

Cybersecurity Essentials course by Cisco Networking Academy: This free course covers basic cybersecurity concepts, including threat actors, vulnerabilities, and security controls.

Develop technical skills: In order to pursue a career in cybersecurity, you will need to develop technical skills in areas such as networking, programming, and database management. Consider learning programming languages like Python, Java or C++ and familiarize yourself with tools and technologies like firewalls, intrusion detection systems, and data encryption.


Codecademy: Codecademy offers a variety of programming courses, including Python, Java and C++.

Cybrary: Cybrary offers a wide range of free and paid courses on cybersecurity tools and technologies.

Build hands-on experience: In addition to developing technical skills, it's important to gain practical experience working with real-world cybersecurity problems. Consider participating in cybersecurity competitions, completing online challenges, and working on open-source projects.


National Cyber League: The National Cyber League hosts regular cybersecurity competitions that simulate real-world scenarios.

TryHackMe: TryHackMe offers a range of online challenges and virtual machines to help you build your cybersecurity skills.

Specialize in a specific area of cybersecurity: Cybersecurity is a broad field, and there are many different specializations you can pursue, such as network security, cloud security, or digital forensics. Consider focusing on an area of interest and building expertise in that area.


Coursera: Coursera offers a range of online courses on various cybersecurity specializations, including network security and cloud security.

SANS Institute: The SANS Institute offers a range of in-depth cybersecurity courses in specialized areas such as incident response and digital forensics.

Pursue industry certifications: Earning industry certifications can demonstrate your expertise in a specific area of cybersecurity and help you stand out to potential employers. Consider pursuing certifications such as Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP), Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), or CompTIA Security+.


CompTIA: CompTIA offers a range of cybersecurity certifications, including Security+ and Cybersecurity Analyst (CySA+).

(ISC)²: (ISC)² offers certifications such as CISSP and Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP).

Remember that cybersecurity is a constantly evolving field, so it's important to stay up-to-date with the latest trends and developments. Consider following industry publications and attending conferences or webinars to stay current on the latest cybersecurity news and best practices.

Some key technicalities that are important to learn for a career in cybersecurity:

Networking: A strong understanding of networking protocols, such as TCP/IP, DNS, DHCP, and routing, is essential for a career in cybersecurity. This knowledge will help you understand how networks function and how to identify potential vulnerabilities.

Operating Systems: Understanding of operating systems such as Windows, Linux, and macOS, is important in order to understand how to secure them against attacks. This includes understanding how to manage permissions, user accounts, and security settings.

Cybersecurity Tools: Familiarity with cybersecurity tools such as firewalls, intrusion detection/prevention systems (IDS/IPS), and antivirus software is essential. Knowing how these tools work and how to use them effectively is important in identifying and mitigating potential security threats.

Programming and Scripting: Knowing how to write code in languages such as Python, PowerShell, and Bash can be valuable in automating security tasks, creating custom security tools, and performing analysis of security incidents.

Cryptography: Cryptography is the science of encrypting and decrypting data. A solid understanding of cryptographic principles and algorithms is important for protecting sensitive information, such as passwords and credit card numbers.

Cloud Security: As more companies move their infrastructure to the cloud, knowledge of cloud security becomes increasingly important. Familiarity with cloud computing services such as Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP) is essential.

Penetration Testing: Penetration testing involves simulating an attack against a system to identify vulnerabilities. Understanding of penetration testing methodologies, tools, and techniques is important to identify and remediate potential security vulnerabilities.

There are many master's degree programs available for cybersecurity, offered by universities around the world. Some of the popular programs are:

Master of Science in Cybersecurity: This program focuses on the technical and practical aspects of cybersecurity and includes courses on cryptography, network security, and penetration testing.

Master of Science in Information Security: This program covers topics such as risk management, security policies, and legal and ethical issues in cybersecurity.

Master of Science in Cybercrime and Digital Investigation: This program focuses on the investigation of cybercrime and includes courses on digital forensics, cyber law, and cyber terrorism.

Master of Science in Cyber Operations and Security: This program is designed for those who are interested in cybersecurity operations and includes courses on incident response, cyber threat intelligence, and security operations.

Master of Science in Cybersecurity Policy: This program is focused on the policy and management aspects of cybersecurity and includes courses on risk management, cyber law, and cybersecurity governance.

Master of Science in Information Technology with a focus on Cybersecurity: This program combines technical and management aspects of cybersecurity and includes courses on network security, risk management, and cybersecurity strategy.

Cybersecurity is an ever-evolving field, and new tools are constantly being developed to keep pace with the latest threats. Some of the latest evolving tools in cybersecurity include:

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML): AI and ML are being used to enhance cybersecurity by detecting and preventing threats in real-time. They can quickly analyze large amounts of data and identify patterns that may be indicative of a cyber attack.

Blockchain: Blockchain technology is being used in cybersecurity to create secure digital transactions and prevent data breaches. It can provide a tamper-proof record of transactions, making it difficult for hackers to alter or steal data.

Cloud Security: As more businesses move to the cloud, cloud security is becoming increasingly important. Cloud security tools are being developed to protect data stored in the cloud and prevent unauthorized access.

Identity and Access Management (IAM): IAM tools are used to control access to sensitive data and prevent unauthorized access. They can help organizations manage user access across multiple systems and applications.

Incident Response Automation: Incident response automation tools are being developed to help organizations respond quickly to cyber attacks. They can automatically detect, contain, and mitigate the impact of an attack, reducing the time and resources required to respond.

Threat Intelligence: Threat intelligence tools provide real-time information on the latest cyber threats and can help organizations proactively identify and prevent potential attacks.

Virtual Private Networks (VPNs): VPNs are used to create a secure connection between a user's device and the internet. They encrypt data sent over the internet, making it difficult for hackers to intercept and steal sensitive information.

Password Managers: Password managers are used to generate and store strong, unique passwords for different accounts. They can help prevent password-related attacks, such as password guessing and credential stuffing.

Encryption Tools: Encryption tools are used to encrypt sensitive data at rest or in transit, making it unreadable to unauthorized users. They can help prevent data breaches and protect sensitive information.

Vulnerability Scanners: Vulnerability scanners are used to identify vulnerabilities in software, networks, and systems. They can help organizations proactively address potential security flaws before they are exploited by attackers.

Web Application Firewalls (WAFs): WAFs are used to protect web applications from common attacks, such as SQL injection and cross-site scripting. They monitor incoming traffic and block malicious requests before they can reach the application.

Network Security Tools: Network security tools are used to monitor network traffic and identify potential threats. They can include tools such as intrusion detection and prevention systems (IDS/IPS), firewalls, and network access control (NAC) systems.

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